Over the years, the rate of obesity has rapidly increased worldwide. Obesity is complex and entails aspects such as; psychological, physical, social and biological. Nowadays, when traditional approaches of exercise and dietary restriction failure to achieve meaningful long-term weight loss, laparoscopic gastric bypass surgeries are opted for. Even when advanced pharmacological methods are not able to achieve significant long-term weight loss, surgery helps in attaining this goal. Gastric bypass surgery is so far the most effective form of weight loss surgery. The success rate of gastric bypass can be owed to its low morbidity, safety, low mortality and its exceptional ability of remitting serious obesity -related medical conditions. Gastric bypass surgery is done laparoscopically and is technically a very challenging operation. During operation, the distal stomach gets separated from the proximal stomach, forming a small, restrictive gastric pouch. Gastric bypass affects digestion in the patient and works via restriction and malabsorption. After gastric bypass, patients lose weight by experiencing early satiety, hence eating smaller portions.
The first and arguably most obvious benefit of this method is that it leads to weight loss in patients which significantly minimizes other health concerns associated with morbid obesity. Some health issues related to morbid obesity that are reduced by the surgery include urinary stress incontinence, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, sleep apnea, heartburn and lowering the risk of heart attack.
Besides being a purely restrictive intervention, laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is also reversible and minimally aggressive. It is referred to as the gold standard operation by many people. According to reports, it is the most reliable non-conventional means of achieving significant weight loss. According to long-term results, loss of excess body weight averages between 60% and 70% of total body weight. Loss of excess body weight is expected to go on for up to 10 years.
People suffering from diabetes mellitus can view gastric bypass surgery is a plus because they are able to manage it a lot better and often require less medication. Dyslipidemia, particularly hypertriglyceridemia and HDL cholesterol are resolved in a very impressive and reliable manner via gastric bypass surgery compared to any other method or medication. Evidence suggests that after gastric bypass surgery, over 60% of patients are able to reduce or completely eliminate medications for high blood pressure issues.
Gastric bypass surgery is very safe to the extent of being a procedure that can reliably be conducted on patients with cardiovascular diseases and older patients. Gastric bypass surgery exhibits excellent results in terms of minimal hospital stay, low post-operative pain, rare occurrence of wound infections and quick return to work and daily living.
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